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Top 8 in-demand programming languages to learn in 2023

There are numerous programming languages available, but did you know that there is an overall top in-demand programming languages for which industries seek professionals?

You don’t want to waste your time, therefore if you’re going to spend time learning a new programming language, it needs to be one of the top in-demand programming languages on the market.

We are going to cover a lot in this article, from levels of programming, what types of programming languages are there and yes the top in-demand programming languages you must know. You can skip this part if you only want to know the main part of this topic.

How many levels of programming languages are there?

Well, every programming language has the purpose it serves, syntax, and keywords to create instructions. However, there are mainly two levels of programming languages namely:

High-level programming languages

High-level programming languages are languages that are user-friendly and make problem-solving much easier. They are independent of the computer type and additionally are way easier to learn. Examples of such languages are Java, Python, C#, PHP, you name it.

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High-level programming languages

Low-level programming languages

Low-level programming languages may sound to be somewhat easier but they aren’t very user-friendly and are not readable and portable by humans. It provides little or no abstraction of programming concepts and it comes very near to writing actual machine instructions.

Examples of low-level languages are assembly(ASM) FORTRAN, C and machine language.

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Low-level programming languages

The types of Programming languages

1. Object-oriented programming languages (OOP)

Object-oriented programming languages are languages that help to wrap data and function in a class. Examples of OOP or Object-oriented programming languages are Java, Python, and Javascript.

2. Scripting programming languages

Scripting programming languages helps to integrate and communicate with other programming languages. applications like Web applications, gaming applications, and even system administration use scripting languages. Examples include Python, Perl, Bash, and Node.js.

3. Functional programming languages

Functional languages are special languages that focus on “what” to solve instead of “how” to solve it. Functional languages use mathematical functions to calculate computations. Examples of these languages include Python, Lisp, Erlang, and Clojure.

4. Logic programming

As the name suggests this type of programming language uses logically expressing facts and rules of a problem domain. Examples include ASP, Prolog, and Datalog.

5. Procedural programming languages

These programming languages execute a sequence of instructions to solve problems. Some examples of procedural languages are BASIC, FORTRAN, and Java.

The top in-demand programming languages

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So now that you know the basics of programming languages is time to get to know the top 8 in-demand programming languages to learn in 2023 below:

1. Javascript

Javascript continues to top the list of the most sought-after programming languages every year. This is why, websites over 1.8 million are built in javascript including Youtube, Facebook, Wikipedia, and even Amazon. These top companies always demand javascript engineers for their businesses.

According to a ZipRecruiter survey, the average annual salary for javascript engineers in the United States is $121,081. In case you need a quick salary calculator, that works out to about $58.21 per hour.


HTML and CSS may seem very easy to learn but they are second on the list of the top in-demand programming languages. Every professional has mastered this language from scratch because it is tough to create a modern-day website, application, or just program with just these two.

Popular sites using HTML are Youtube, Google, Instagram, and Baidu. According to, the average annual of an HTML programmer in India is ₹ 3.1 Lakhs, that’s equivalent to $3,794.40 in the United States.

3. Python

When we talk about the most used programming languages we can not exclude Python. Python continues to be in the list of the top most used programming languages according to StackOverflow.

As is easier to learn it is best for beginners and experienced coders alike. That said, is best to add Python to your resume as over 50% of hiring managers seek candidates who know the language.

4. TypeScript

Looks like it rings a bell right, TypeScript is a superset of Javascript created by Microsoft. JavaScript libraries and programs are supported by Typescript. It includes advanced features such as type-checks, which provide quick validation and ensure that the codes typed are error-free.

69% of respondents in the most recent State of JS study from 2021 report using TypeScript; that’s a lot! while the US national average for typescript developers is $130,000 annually or $62.50 per hour.

5. Java

Java is among the oldest and most important programming languages in use today, and it is still ranked in the top 10 most-used languages.

Java is the primary programming language used by the Android operating system, and it is used in the tech stacks of organizations like Google, Netflix, Instagram, Amazon, and Spotify.

Java continues to be top in demand as businesses want to want to build mobile applications for their products or services.

6. SQL

SQL is a standardized programming language designed mainly for managing data within an RDBMS simply, it manages relational databases and performs various operations on their data.

SQL tends to be the most used programming language in the programming industry and over 60% of surveyed developers reported that they use it.

7. PHP

Like HTML, PHP is one of the most user-friendly programming languages used for web development. With its sophisticated features, PHP can be incorporated into HTML and assist users in creating straightforward programs.

According to data we got from, 77.5% of websites are reported to use a version of PHP including sites like Facebook, Wikipedia, Worpress, and Slack.

The average salary of a PHP developer in the USA is $100,000 per year or $48.08 per hour according to

8. C#

The most popular programming language is C#, which is pronounced: “C Sharp.” C# is a member of the object-oriented family of programming languages and can be used to build a variety of different software applications and programs, including games, websites, cloud-based services, and business software.

As mentioned, C# is an important factor in cloud computing technologies so best to sharpen your resume with it. Also, we recommend you read our article about cloud computing certifications.


So there you have it, the top programming languages that you should get in 2023.

But how did we arrive at these rankings? Well, every programmer is familiar with StackOverflow, which is sometimes referred to as a developer’s best friend. We used the 2021 survey to create this article, and in case you’re interested, the diagram below shows the top 8 most used by both respondents and professionals:

8 most in-demand programming languages


Which programming language is best to learn?

If you are a newbie or beginner, well Python is a great shot, and if you are wondering how to start with Python check out our article on how to install python on Windows or even Mac and the list of the best Python books.

Not to forget about fellow pros, you may be wondering how to enhance your skill set with one or even two of these most in-demand programming languages, well you may be familiar with HTML/CSS or Python but our best recommendation is to which one your business demands on your skill set the or the one which will be convenient enough to boost your paycheck.

Feel free to leave comments and express your view on which programming language is best.



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